Gothic Ottoman Architecture
We continue the theme of re-use in last week's post by turning to the city of Famagusta in Northern Cyprus, where there are many striking examples of adaptation and re-use of buildings. A thriving medieval and early modern city under various Latin rulers, Famagusta boasted several large church complexes, which the Ottomans would inherit upon their conquest of the island in the second half of the 16th century. Some of these churches were directly converted into mosques, resulting in some seemingly unlikely instances of "Gothic" Ottoman architecture.
| Lala Mustafa Pasha Mosque, Famagusta|
| Detail of the front facade|
| Interior of the mosque-cathedral|
| Graffiti found on the mimbar|
| View of the ceiling from the apse|
Being located in contemporary Northern Cyprus, the Friday mosque of Famagusta by extension remains a contested space. Nevertheless, this mosque-cathedral stands as an extremely well-preserved example of a religious building continuously used for over 7 centuries, which suggests a need to re-think what might be included in a more inclusive definition of "Ottoman architecture."
Medieval and Renaissance Famagusta: Studies in Architecture, Art and History. Farnham, Surry; Burlington: Ashgate, 2012.
Ottoman Cyprus: A collection of studies on history and culture. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2009.